Kenny Cupers is a scholar and educator who works at the intersection of architectural history, urban studies, and critical geography. Grounded in primary research, his work analyzes built spaces and systems in order to answer questions about power and historical change. His research focuses on the role of housing in urban and state transformation, the epistemology and geopolitics of modernism, and the power and aesthetics of infrastructure. Central to these interests is a focus on design—understood as a technique of governing and as a lens on human and material agency.
His forthcoming book The Earth that Modernism Built is a historical study of German imperialism in southern Africa and central Europe that proposes a new account of how land and life became objects of design.
Cupers received a B.Sc. and M.Sc in Architecture from the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium), studied photography and cultural theory at Goldsmiths College (London), and received his Ph.D. in architectural and urban history from Harvard University in 2010. He taught in the United States before co-founding the University of Basel’s Urban Studies division in 2015.
Jon Schubert is a political and economic anthropologist with long-time ethnographic research experience in urban Angola and Mozambique. His research interests include the social life of infrastructures, the impact of extractive industries on African polities, questions of political authority and the experience and memory of political violence, and sustainable urban development in times of climate crisis.
Schubert leads the SNF-funded research project PRECURBICA — Precarious Urbanisms in Coastal Africa. African cities are in many ways ahead of the curve, yet while they are scripted as the ‘most vulnerable’ to climate change, they remain largely invisible in current debates about urbanism and climate change. PRECURBICA reverses the perspective to centre African actors on the same analytical plane as the ‘global’ urban planners and policymakers that typically dominate these debates. Rather than seeing urban ‘precariousness’ as an endemic condition that mires African societies in a position of dependency, the project takes it as an invitation to uncover strategies of living and making the city in the face of looming climate crisis, and learn from these.
His monograph, Working the System: A Political Ethnography of the New Angola (Cornell University Press 2017), is a landmark ethnographic study of contemporary neo-authoritarianism seen through the prism of the emic notion of the ‘system’, and offers important theoretical insights on African politics, urbanism, capitalist development, identity politics, and the co-production of hegemony. Based on subsequent work in Mozambique, he co-edited Extractive Industries and Changing State Dynamics in Africa: Beyond the Resource Curse (Routledge 2018, with Ulf Engel & Elísio Macamo), which offers a critical, interdisciplinary perspective on how African states are reconfigured at the nexus of national politics, advocacy, and transnational capital flows.
His last research project (2018-2021), the Afterlives of Extractive Capitalism, funded as a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship at Brunel University London, used the economic architecture and transport infrastructures of the Angolan port town of Lobito as a lens to study the political and economic effects of cycles of commodity-dependent boom and bust in everyday life. Building upon the latest advances in the anthropological study of infrastructures, affect, and financialization, this research charts the affective reverberations of people’s engagement with the promises of development and modernity of the city’s economic infrastructure to interrogate the notion of crisis as an emergency.
Schubert holds an MA in African Studies from the University of Basel and a PhD in African Studies from the University of Edinburgh. Before joining the Urban Studies division in Basel, he held research and teaching positions in social anthropology and area studies at the Universities of Leipzig, Geneva, Brunel, and Konstanz, and was a visiting professor at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. In the last ten years of precarious academic nomadism he lived variously in the UK, Germany, Angola, Kosovo, and Switzerland. He is a co-editor of the International Africa Institute’s book series ‘Politics and Development in Contemporary Africa’ and a member of the editorial collective at Allegralab.
Jon Schubert is happy to supervise students working on his thematic or regional interests.
Shourideh C. Molavi is a writer and scholar in specializing in critical state theory, decolonization, migration and border studies, and decolonial ecologies, and trained with a background in International Humanitarian Law. She has over 15 years of academic and fieldwork experience in the Middle East—focusing on Israel/Palestine—on the topics of border practices, citizsenship and statelessness, militarized landscapes, and human and minority rights, with an emphasis on the relationship between the law, violence and power.
Shourideh studied Political Science at the University of Toronto (B.A. 2008) and completed her graduate studies at York University in Canada (M.A. 2010; PhD 2018). She has taught on the above topics in liberal-arts schools across the Middle East region, including at Bard College in Al-Quds University in Palestine (2013-2015), at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies in Qatar (2016-2018), and at the American University in Cairo, Egypt (2018-2020).
Since 2014, she has worked as a Lead Researcher on Israel-Palestine and fieldworker with Forensic Architecture, an interdisciplinary research agency based at Goldsmiths, University of London. The spatial analyses and human-rights oriented investigations on the Middle East that Shourideh oversees at Forensic Architecture examine how mapping and visualization of physical environments undergoing political violence may enhance the data and scholarship produced—and complement the anti-oppression struggles of communities.
Her publications include Stateless Citizenship: The Palestinian-Arab Citizens of Israel (Brill, 2013); Contemporary Israel/Palestine (Oxford University Press, 2018); Environmental Warfare in Gaza: Contemporary Practices of Israeli Settler-Colonialism (Pluto Press, 2022 forthcoming); and Interrogating the Citizen: The Israeli Logic of Colonial Exclusion and Global Citizenship Restrictions (I.B. Tauris, 2022 forthcoming). Shourideh’s past and ongoing investigations with Forensic Architecture can be found here.
Emilio Distretti is a researcher and an educator. He studied Philosophy at the University of Bologna (Italy) and holds a PhD in Aesthetics and the Politics of Representation from the School of Art and Design at Portsmouth University (UK).
Prior to joining the University of Basel, Emilio was Postdoctoral Fellow at the Kenyon Institute (Council for British Research in the Levant) in East Jerusalem and the Director of the Urban Studies and Spatial Practices program at Al Quds Bard College for Arts and Sciences (AQB), in Abu Dis in Palestine.
Emilio's research takes on interrelated avenues on the politics of space, architectural heritage, Italian fascist colonialism, postcolonial and decolonial politics in the Mediterranean (Italy, North Africa and the Levant) and in the Horn of Africa.
Emilio has previously taught at the School of Architecture, Metropolitan University in London and at SOAS at the Department of International Studies. He collaborates with DAAR - Decolonizing Architecture Art Research.
Maren Larsen is a Lecturer and Post-Doc in Urban Studies at the University of Basel. Prior to joining the faculty, Maren was writing her doctoral dissertation at Urban Studies and Social Anthropology titled, «Worlding Home: Peacekeepers, Camp Space, and Urbanity in Goma, DRC.» Before moving to Basel she worked as a Research Associate for the Institute for International Urban Development (I2UD) in Cambridge, MA, where she maintains a Research Affiliate status. She has held consultant positions with the OECD and the UNESCO-based International Association of Universities. She has written policy and research reports for the World Bank, UN-Habitat, IOM, and the International Institute for Environment and Development.
She holds a B.A. with honors in the liberal arts from the University of Wisconsin - Madison with majors in International Studies and Political Science and a certificate in African Studies. She graduated summa cum laude from Sciences Po Paris in 2013 with an M.Sc. from the “Governing the Large Metropolis” program.
Laura Nkula-Wenz is a lecturer and coordinator for the MA in Critical Urbanisms. Based at the African Centre for Cities and in Urban Studies at the University of Basel, Laura is an urban geographer with a keen interest in postcolonial urban theory, African urbanism, and public culture. Her research focuses on the transformation of urban governance and the construction of local political agency, on questions of urban experimentation and knowledge networks, as well as the nexus of cultural production and urban change. She holds a PhD in Geography from the University of Münster/Germany, where she also completed a degree in Human Geography, Communication Studies and Political Science. Prior to joining the Critical Urbanisms program, Laura completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the Pôle de recherche pour l’organisation et la diffusion de l’information géographique (Prodig) in Paris, funded by the Laboratory of Excellence “Territorial and Spatial Dynamics” (Labex DynamiTe).
NKULA-WENZ, L. (2018): Of ‘godziners’ and ‘designer citizens’: The emergence of designers as political subjects in Cape Town. Journal of Urban Cultural Studies, 5 (2), pp. 165-185
NKULA-WENZ, L. (2018): Worlding Cape Town by design: Encounters with creative cityness. Environment & Planning A ,18(2), DOI: 10.1177/0308518X18796503
NKULA-WENZ, L. (2018): A Closer Look at the Role of International Accolades
in Worlding Cape Town’s Urban Politics In: Bassens, D., Beekman, L. & B. Derudder (eds.) The
City as Global Political Actor, Routledge. [peer-reviewed]
WENZ, L. (2015): The local institutional dynamics of international accolades: Cape Town’s
designation as World Design Capital 2014. In: Haferburg, C. & Huchzermeyer, M. (eds.):
Urban Governance in Postapartheid Cities. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart; Durban: UKZN Press,
pp. 251-270 [peer-reviewed]
WENZ, L. (2015): Worlding - Zwischen theoretischer Annährung, kritischer Intervention und
gelebter (Forschungs-) praxis. Kommentar zu Stephan Lanzs “Über (Un-) Möglichkeiten,
hiesige Stadtforschung zu postkolonialisieren”. Sub/urban Zeitschrift für Kritische
Stadtforschung, 3(1), pp. 97-102
WENZ, L. (2013): Changing Tune in Woodstock: Creative industries and local urban development
in Cape Town/ South Africa. Gateways - International Journal of Community Research &
Engagement, 5, pp. 16-34
NKULA-WENZ, L. (2017) „Dekolonisieren wir unsere Köpfe“…und unsere Städte!
Rezension zu Zwischenraum Kollektiv (eds.) Decolonize the city. Zur Kolonialität der Stadt.
Münster: Unrast Verlag. Sub/urban Zeitschrift für Kritische Stadtforschung, 5(3), pp. 172-175
NKULA-WENZ, L. (2016) Christine Hentschel 2015: Security in the Bubble: Navigating Crime in
Urban South Africa. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. International Journal of
Urban and Regional Research, 40(3), pp. 714-16
Anna Selmeczi’s urban studies research is grounded in social and political theory, and focuses on the connections between orders of urban space and knowledge production, and how various forms of popular politics contest and change these orders. Extending these themes through the lens of her teaching practice over the last few years, she’s also been thinking about the transformative and even emancipatory possibilities of pedagogical and research methods that emerge through creative experimentation.
Anna received her PhD in Political Science at the Central European University in 2012. She is based at the African Centre for Cities at the University of Cape Town, where she is a senior lecturer and the convener of the Southern Urbanism masters programme and the pedagogical lead of the Urbanisms from the South track of Critical Urbanisms MA.
Currently, she is in the final stages of a book project with Sophie Oldfield, co-edited with the late Clive Barnett (University of Exeter, UK), and titled Knowing the City: Urban Scholarship from Apartheid to Democracy. The book traces the dynamics of urban theory building in South Africa over the past four decades, and aims to give insight to the intergenerational tensions and transformations of the scholarly imperatives, as well as ethical, social, and/or political commitments of urban scholarship.
Andrew Tucker’s research focuses on the relationships between sexuality, health and urban development in Africa. He gained his PhD from the Department of Geography at the University of Cambridge in 2006. His monograph Queer visibilities: Space, identity and interaction was published by Wiley-Blackwell in 2009. This text explored how the history of apartheid regulation in Cape Town had affected the abilities and diverse strategies of men with same sex desire in the present to overcome the heteronormativity of urban spaces across the city’s historically racially segregated communities. Tucker’s PhD and monograph were both funded by the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).
Subsequently Tucker worked to develop the first community-based HIV prevention programs for township men who have sex with men (MSM) in South Africa. This work, via funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), also resulted in the publication of a series of journal articles which highlighted the need to take into account psycho-social factors such as depression when planning and implementing HIV programmatic work among township MSM. This work also highlighted the successes that could be gained when HIV programmes were co-created between NGO and community members.
Tucker’s work is currently exploring the interface between the agendas of international development agencies and the needs of marginalised same-sex communities in the global South. This work is also calling on urban scholars to think more directly about the relationship between urban development and scholarship on sexualities. This work is in part funded by the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) “PEAK Urban Project”.
RISE Africa Summit (2021)
· South African National Research Foundation Conference fund award
· Funding to bring together leading experts across Africa to discuss urbanisation challenges and opportunities
· Total value of ZAR900,000
Health, sexuality and emergent urban development needs in Cape Town (2018 – 2022)
· Part of PEAK Urban, a Global Challenge Research Fund (GCRF) project
· Exploring the interface between international policy and funding processes, urban governance and community stakeholders in relation to HIV/AIDS programming for marginalised same-sex communities Cape Town
· Total value of ZAR1.97m (including cost of one full-time Junior Research Fellow)
MSM Ecosystem / ‘Ukwazana’ (‘bringing people together’) (2010 – 2013)
· Anova Health Institute NPC (USAID funds) / University of Cambridge Collaborative agreement
· Examining how to have lasting positive impacts on MSM health in South Africa, via collaborative research with stakeholders including biomedical specialists, community health workers and community groups. Setting up health interventions and evaluating their efficacy.
· Total value of GBP56,000
Reconfiguring and contesting post-colonial sexualities: articulating regionalism, identities and health (2010 – 2012)
· British Academy grant
· Exploring how post-colonial environments enable or constrain sexual identities in relation to divergent health needs
· Total value GBP7,000
Racing the closet: male homosexuality in Cape Town (2006 – 2007)
· ESRC post-doctoral research grant
· Examination as to how apartheid racial histories shaped the opportunities for men with same sex desire to overcome the heteronormativity of different urban spaces – to become visible in space – and the contemporary policy and health implications of divergent forms of visibility
· Total value GBP63,000
Tucker, A. 2021. ‘Gesturing towards broader sexuality-based conceptualisations of HIV assemblages beyond the Minority World’ Dialogues in human geography DOI: 10.1177/20438206211054604
Tucker, A., 2021. ‘Geographical interventions into debates regarding ‘men who have sex with men’ (MSM)’ Gender, place and culture DOI: 10.1080/0966369X.2021.1994929
Hassan, N.R. and Tucker, A., 2021. ‘“We have to create our own community”: Addressing HIV/AIDS among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Neuropolis’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 46(3), 598-611
Tucker, A.,and Hassan, N, R. 2020 ‘Situating sexuality: An interconnecting research agenda in the urban global south’, Geoforum, 117, 287-290.
Tucker, A. 2020. ‘What can homonationalism tell us about sexuality in South Africa?: Exploring the relationships between biopolitics, necropolitics, sexual exceptionalism and homonormativity’, Journal of Gender Studies, 29:1, 88-101
Tucker, A., 2019. ‘Geographies of sexualities in sub-Saharan Africa: Positioning and critically engaging with international human rights and related ascendant discourses’ Progress in human geography 44(4), 683-703
Oldfield, S., and Tucker, A., 2019. ‘Persistent pasts, present struggles, imagined futures: gender geographies in South Africa after apartheid’ Gender, place and culture 26(7-9), 1243-1252
Smit, W. and Tucker, A., 2019. ‘Mapping the body: the use of the body mapping method to explore health and the built environment in Cape Town, South Africa’ TAD: Technology, architecture and design 3(1), 45-47
Jobson, G., Tucker, A., de Swardt, G., Rebe, K., Struthers, H., McIntyre, J, and Peters, R., 2018. ‘Gender identity and HIV risk among men who have sex with men in Cape Town, South Africa’ AIDS Care 30(11), 1421-1425
Tucker, A., Liht, J., Swardt, G., Arendse, C., McIntyre, J. and Struthers, H. 2016. ‘Clinic training on MSM health needs in the Western Cape, South Africa: Examining differential training for clinicians and clinic support staff and relationships between knowledge and homophobia’ LGBT Health 3(6), 443-450
Tucker, A., de Swardt, G., McIntyre, J., Struthers, H., 2015. ‘How do community-based HIV prevention programmes ‘travel’? Lessons learned from the Ukwazana/Zwakalani journey in South Africa’ Culture, health and sexuality 17(8), 977-989
Tucker, A., Liht, J., de Swardt, G., McIntyre, J., and Struthers, H., 2014. ‘Homophobic stigma, depression, self-efficacy and unprotected anal intercourse for peri-urban township men who have sex with men in Cape Town, South Africa: a cross-sectional association model’ AIDS care26(7), 882-889
Tucker, A., Liht, J., de Swardt, G., McIntyre, J., and Struthers, H., 2013. ‘An exploration into the role of depression and self-efficacy on township Men who have Sex with Men’s ability to engage in safer-sexual practices’ AIDS care 25(10), 1227-1235
Tucker, A., de Swardt, G., Struthers, H., and McIntyre, J. 2012. ‘Understanding the needs of township Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) health outreach workers: exploring the interplay between volunteer training, social capital and critical consciousness’ AIDS and behavior 17(1), 33-42
Tucker, A., 2010. ‘Reframing sexual subjectivities and their political efficacy in the Global South: potential directions for future queer geographies of difference’ Political geography 29(8), 460-462
Tucker, A., 2010. ‘The ‘rights’ (and ‘wrongs’) of articulating race with sexuality: the conflicting nature of hegemonic legitimisation in South African queer politics’ Social & cultural geography 11(5), 433-449
Tucker, A., 2010. ‘Shifting boundaries of sexual identities: the appropriation and malleability of ‘gay’ in South African township spaces’ Urban forum 21(2), 107-122
Tucker, A., 2009. ‘Framing exclusion in Cape Town’s Gay Village: the discursive and material perpetration of inequitable queer subjects’ Area41(2), 186-197
Tucker, A., 2016. ‘Reconsidering relationships between homophobia, human rights and HIV/AIDS’ in G. Brown and K. Browne (eds.) The Routledge research companion to geographies of sex and sexualities. Abingdon: Routledge
Tucker, A., 2016. ‘Sexual Health: Section introduction’ in G. Brown and K. Browne (eds.) The Routledge research companion to geographies of sex and sexualities. Abingdon: Routledge [Also section editor]
Tucker, A., 2009. Queer Visibilities: Space, Identity and Interaction in Cape Town Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell
Michelle Weitzel is the Sinergia Postdoctoral Fellow in the Urban Studies program at the University of Basel. She received her PhD in Politics at the New School for Social Research in New York, where she trained in comparative politics and international relations, specializing in the political systems of the Middle East and North Africa. Her research brings topics in conflict, security, political violence, and governance into conversation with the sensory and material world. Her papers have been accorded the Wilson Award (2018) and the Hayward R. Alker Award (2017) at the American Political Science Association.
Weitzel’s book project, Drones, Sirens, and Prayer Calls: The Unheard Consequences of a Politics of Sound, theorizes sound’s power in the political sphere via empirical, inductive case studies based in Algeria, France, Palestine, Israel, and Morocco. The book traces ways that States regulate public space and sensory bodies to effect control and demonstrates how ambient sound constitutes a mechanism of political power.
She received an ALM in Government from Harvard University, and a BS in Journalism from the Medill School at Northwestern University. Her research has been supported by the American Institute of Maghrib Studies, the ZEIT-Stiftung Ebelin und Gerd Bucerius the Palestinian American Research Center, and the Graduate Institute for Design, Research and Ethnography.
Alaa Dia is an architect, PhD candidate, and faculty member at the Urban Studies department at the University of Basel. He has received his Bachelor and Master in Architecture at the Lebanese University and his postgraduate Master in Urban Design from The Swiss Federal Institue of Technology Zurich (ETH Zürich). Alaa’s studies interest lies in the intersection between Architecture and Migration studies.
Before joining the Urban studies faculty, he worked as a principal researcher for “Infrastructure space and the future of migration management: the EU Hotspots in the Mediterranean borderscape” research project. A project funded by the Swiss Network for International Studies (SNIS) and hosted at the University of Basel. This project addressed the power of infrastructure in transforming borders. It offered a comparative, interdisciplinary and multi-sited exploration of the infrastructure of migration management in five countries located in the Mediterranean borderscape (Greece, Italy, Libya, Tunisia, Turkey). Alaa handled the spatial and architectural aspects of the project.
Prior to that, Alaa worked as a doctoral researcher and teaching assistant in ETH Zürich, Department of Architecture (D-ARCH) Institute of Historic Building Research (IDB).
Alaa’s postgraduate Master in Urban Design at the chair of Marc Angélil (ETH Zürich) was centred on the influx of refugee communities in Germany. He exhibited his Master research and design project at Deutsches Architekturmuseum Frankfurt (DAM Frankfurt) as part of the “Inclusive Urbanism” exhibition back in 2017.
Postdoctoral Researcher in History of Architecture and Urbanism
Nikolay Erofeev is an architectural historian whose work focuses on socialist architecture and urban planning. Nikolay received his D.Phil (PhD) in History from the University of Oxford where he was a Hill Foundation Scholar and his specialist degree (M.A.) in the History of Art from the Moscow State University. Nikolay had academic appointments at Manchester School of Architecture where he taught M.Arch dissertations. Nikolay’s fellowship at the University of Basel is supported by the Swiss Government Excellence Scholarship.
Nikolay’s doctoral thesis discussed the design and production of prefabricated mass housing in the Soviet Union and argued the architectural story of this understudied ‘bureaucratic modernism’ represents a much more creative and influential development in the history of modern architecture as a whole. His current project, ‘Architecture and housing in the Comecon’ looks at architecture and urbanization patterns produced by global socialism. Combining in-depth scrutiny of the design of the built environment with an analysis of the everyday processes of subject-making that shaped the socialist project in Mongolia, his project aims to provide a new understanding of the urban and domestic spaces produced in the Global South.
Saad Amira is a Phd candidate at the Graduate School of Social Sciences and in the Urban Studies department at the University of Basel. Saad has six years of experience in research, education, and international cooperation. His main academic interests include the Modern Social History of Palestine, Settler Colonialism, Post Colonialism-Environmentalism, State Development and Conflict Resolution. Prior to joining the Phd program, Saad worked in different institutional capacities; as a lead researcher for the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Asia & Africa department, and as a lead researcher and project coordinator for the Palestinian Museum at the Research and Collections Department where he lead the development of the ‘Palestinian Journeys‘ Project. Prior to that, Saad worked as project officer on a EU capacity building project in Palestine. Saad is the founder of the ‘Thakira’ initiative’ a research in progress, where he maps out, collects, archives, and classifies endangered oral history testimonies and visual archives on Palestine.
In his Phd project, Saad uses the concept of 'slow violence' in a Palestinian village to explore the role of 'nature' as a fundamental dimension of Israeli settlers' colonial paradigm. His research explores and maps out the structure of slow violence in the Palestinian political environment where the development models of the Palestinian National Authority and the settler colonial enterprise unfold in a neo-liberalizing world.
Thomas Betschart is a Ph.D candidate and research assistant at Urban Studies, University of Basel. Thomas holds an M.A. degree in Geography, Modern History and English Literature from the University of Freiburg, Germany and the certificate for teaching at secondary levels from the FHNW, Basel. Prior to joining Urban Studies, Thomas worked as a geographer for the Federal Environmental Department (BAFU), Bern. He has furthermore taught Geography on secondary levels in Basel and engaged as a researcher at the Institute for Pedagogy at FHNW, Basel.
Andreea Midvighi is a PhD candidate in Urban Studies at the University of Basel. In her research, she is looking at Yarmouk Refugee Camp in terms of camp-city relations and the ways in which the camp as a space of resistance continues to exist in the imaginary of the, now, Palestinian double-refugees from Yarmouk in Sweden, focusing on issues of power, space violence and everyday forms of resistance. Prior to starting her PhD, Andreea worked with Cultures of Resistance Films on documentaries including Wantoks: Dance of Resistance in Melanesia, From Trash to Treasure: Turning Negatives into Positives, and Stalking Chernobyl: Exploration After Apocalypse. Andreea holds a B.A. in Philology from the University of Transilvania, Brasov, an M.A. in Cultural and Critical Studies from the University of Westminster, London, and a joint M.A. in Global Studies from the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg and FLACSO Buenos Aires. She has also been involved in various awareness-raising campaigns on Palestine and Western Sahara
Lea Marie Nienhoff is a cultural worker and Ph.D. candidate in Urban Studies at the University of Basel. Her research on large-scale modernist urban planning in the global East focuses on the formal and informal politics, the critical and artistic reflections that accompanied the construction of ‘socialist space’.
Lea is part of the SNF-funded research project “Decolonizing Socialism: Entangled Internationalism. An Intersectional Study of Cold War Projects from East Germany in Cinema and Cybernetics with Relevance for the 21st Century”, based at HEAD Genève.
Lea studied History, Political Science, and Cultural Studies at the Universities of Freiburg (Germany) and Warsaw. In 2020 she graduated from the M.A. Critical Urbanisms with a thesis on the decolonial politics of Mozambican contract workers in East Germany. Apart from her studies, Lea has worked as assistant director at Theater Freiburg and is part of the cultural funding team at the Edith Maryon Foundation.
Giulia Scotto is an architect, Ph.D candidate, and faculty member at the Urban Studies department at the University of Basel. Giulia holds a master’s degree in architectural design from the IUAV University of Venice and from the ETSAB of Barcelona. Prior to joining the University of Basel, Giulia worked as an architect and urban planner for ‘OMA Office for Metropolitan Architecture’ and for ‘KCAParchitects&planners’. She has also worked as research assistant at the ‘UTT Chair of architecture and Urban design’ at the ETH Zurich.
Giulia’s PhD research “Postcolonial Logistics: ENI’s ‘Disegno Africano’” investigates the territorial, urban and cultural consequences of ENI‘s (Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi) infrastructural, architectural and propagandistic operations in early postcolonial Tanzania. This research is part of the project “Territorial Design: How Infrastructure Shaped Territory in Africa” funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation.
Ernest Sewordor is one of three Ph.D. candidates researching on an SNF-funded project titled ‘How Infrastructure Shaped Territory in Africa’. He holds an M.Phil. degree in History, earned from the University of Ghana in 2017.
His academic interests broadly hinge on urban and architectural history and has previously researched Basel Mission encounters in the Gold Coast/Ghana in changing contexts to demonstrate how missionary activities shaped urban space through the invention of separatist Christian enclaves. This is evident in his master’s thesis titled ‘The Basel Mission and the Establishment of a “Model Town” in Ghana—The Case of Abokobi, 1854—1926’. Throughout his master’s degree studies, he was a grant recipient from the Adjaye Endowment Scholarships in History.
From 2015 to 2017, Ernest held Graduate and Teaching Assistant responsibilities in the Department of History and University Studies Abroad Consortium respectively (both in the University of Ghana) and actively worked with Professors Robert Addo Fening (retired Prof. of History, University of Ghana) and Jesse Weaver Shipley (Prof. of African and African American History, Dartmouth College, U.S.A.), among others, as a Research Assistant. These experiences foregrounded his exposure into professional academic circles.
As a young scholar, Mr. Sewordor presented his first international conference paper at the University of Cape Coast, Ghana (Jan. 2018). His paper—under review as a chapter in a book publication following the conference—focused on urban violence in 1948 Accra by decoding evidence from a map and photographs to question formalized narratives that forgets ordinary colonial subjects whose agency contested the legitimacy of British colonial rule. Similarly, he expects to appear in the Journal of West African History soon.
Solveig Qu Suess works within the fields of documentary film, art and research, and is a PhD candidate in Urban Studies at the University of Basel. Her practice looks at how optical regimes reconfigure spaces and times, insides and outsides, the intimate to the universal. Her research sits on the intersections of visual ethnography, infrastructural studies, environmental humanities, post-colonial and feminist science and technology studies. She is half of Geocinema, whose collective work researches how environmental sensing has articulated Earth transformations, using expanded cinema as a method to investigate aesthetics in geopolitical systems. She is currently a Junior researcher on the SNF-funded research project Cycles of Circulation at Critical Media Lab, FHNW Basel.
Solveig is postgraduate of the Centre for Research Architecture, Goldsmiths London, during which she focused on how the calculation and management of weather and environments were crucial in the formation of supply chain capitalism, with her case-study on the Belt and Road Initiative cutting across desert spaces in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Western China. Her writing has appeared in E-Flux Architecture, Synoptique Journal of Film and Moving Image, the Funambulist, Lausan and has lectured internationally including at the ICA London, HKW Berlin, Cornell University New York, Ashkal Alwan Beirut, NYU Shanghai, Sonic Acts, amongst others. Her past films have been screened widely, including at the International Film Festival Rotterdam, Kassel Dokfest, Images Festival Toronto, ArtScience Museum Singapore, Jameel Arts Centre Dubai, Institute for Post-Natural Studies Madrid, Kyiv Biennale with her work exhibited in solo shows at Kunsthall Trondheim, and in group shows at the Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe, OCAT Beijing, Guangzhou Image Triennial, Gothenburg Biennale and other venues. In 2020, Geocinema was nominated for the Schering Stiftung Award for Artistic Research. Previously, she worked as a freelance designer in many collaborative constellations, creating alternative online archival platforms, collaborative tools, exhibition designs and independent publishing projects.
Bilgin Ayata is Assistant Professor of Political Sociology at the University of Basel since August 2015. She obtained her PhD in Political Science at Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, USA), and her MA degree from York University (Toronto, Canada). Her research interests center on transformation processes spurred by forced migration, conflict, protest movements, contestions of memory and postcolonial interventions. Her regional expertise includes the Middle East and Europe, in particular Turkey, the Kurdish regions and postcolonial Germany. She has published on transnational activism of Diasporas, the politics of displacement, foreign policy, Genocide denial and memory regimes. She is an associate member of the Research Cluster „Affective Societies“ at the Freie Universität Berlin with an ongoing research project on the affective dynamics of urban protest and political transformation in the Middle East. At the University of Basel, Prof. Ayata has organized the public lecture series „Topographies of Displacement and Resistance“ that took place during Spring Term 2016.
Max Bergmann is Chair of Social Research and Methodology at the University of Basel, Switzerland. His previous academic affiliations include the Universities of Cambridge, Essex, Free State, Florence (European University Institute), Geneva, Johannesburg, Lausanne, Pretoria, Stellenbosch, St. Gall, the Witwatersrand, and Zurich. The main focus of his work is on sustainability and global studies in relation to the UN SDGs, particularly the interdependence between societies, business, and governments in a globalized world. In pursuing policy-relevant and change-oriented research relating to societal sustainability, his team is working on a new social science research approach, entitled Social Transitions Research (STR). I also teach and publish on qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods research. Bergmann is a member of the Research Council of the Swiss National Science Foundation, the Swiss UNESCO NatCom, and the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), a global initiative for the United Nations.
Till Förster is an anthropologist. He holds the chair of Social Anthropology and is founding director of the Centre for African Studies at the University of Basel, Switzerland. He has specialised on visual culture and political transformations in West and Central Africa and conducted field research for many years, mainly in Côte d’Ivoire and Cameroon. His recent publications focus on questions of urban governance and social creativity in northern Côte d’Ivoire and on urban visual culture in Cameroon. He has published extensively on questions of urban politics and culture in Africa and beyond. Together with Lucy Koechlin he has edited The Politics of Governance (London 2014).
Elísio Macamo is Professor for African Studies at the University of Basel. Previsouly (until 2009) he taught development Sociology at the University of Bayreuth, where he was a founding member of the Bayreuth International Graduate School of African Studies. Elísio Macamo was born and grew up in Mozambique. He studied in Maputo (Mozambique), Salford and London (England) and Bayreuth (Germany) and holds an MA degree in Translation and Interpreting (Salford), an MA degree in Sociology and Social Policy (University of North London) and a PhD and “Habilitation” in General Sociology (University of Bayreuth).
A post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Bayreuth, a research fellowship at the Centre for African Studies in Lisbon (Portugal), an AGORA-Fellowship at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Berlin and a visiting lecturer at Eduardo Mondlane University in Mozambique are some of the stations in his academic career. As a member of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) he regularly offers methodological workshops to Portuguese speaking African doctoral students. Furthermore he regularly engages in teaching in Brazil.
Lorena Rizzo is an associate researcher and lecturer at the Center for African Studies, and the Principal Investigator in a project entitled Aesthetics from the Margins. She is a historian of Namibia and South Africa, with a special interest in visual history and theory, gender history, and aesthetics in the colony and postcolony. She was the Oppenheimer Fellow at the Hutchins Center at Harvard University in 2016/17; an associate fellow at the Center for African Studies at Harvard University in 2015/16; a postdoctoral researcher and lecturer in the Department of History at the University of Bielefeld 2013/14; and a visiting scholar in the Center for Humanities Research at the University of the Western Cape in Cape Town 2011/2013. She is currently preparing a book manuscript for publication entitled Shades of Empire. Photography & History in Colonial Southern Africa (forthcoming Routledge 2019).
Julia Tischler is tenure-track assistant professor of African History, specialized on central-southern Africa in the 19th and 20th centuries. Her research has focused on the themes of development, race, labor, and human-environment relations. Archival studies and oral history interviews led her to South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Great Britain, and the United States.
Her book Light and Power for a Multiracial Nation (2013) studied the Kariba Dam project in 1950s Zambia and Zimbabwe as a case study of development and nation-building in the age of decolonization. Her ongoing project deals with rural-agricultural planning in South Africa, c. 1900-1950. It examines the links between the country’s “agrarian question” and segregation, in dialogue with international discourses on race and agriculture and the model of the US south.
Claske Dijkema is a Visiting Lecturer at the University of Basel and teaches courses in the M.A. programs Critical Urbanisms and Changing Societies. In 2021 she initiated a collaborative student research projects exploring what it takes to decolonize urban landscapes. She is simultaneously Senior Researcher at swisspeace and carries out research on Urban Peacebuilding (2021-2023). For the latter she has been awarded a Marie Skłodowska-Curie post-doctoral fellowship. She works with a geographies of peace approach that breaks with the tendency of peace and conflict studies to focus on the Global South, state processes and armed conflict which makes it very relevant for studying initiatives in European cities that deal with the aftermaths of paroxysmal violence and with racism. She is interested in the critical project of making alternative realities visible that have so far remained under the radar of social science research and of making space for subalternized voices in academic research and in academic writing.
Her post-doc research builds on her PhD research at the University of Grenoble-Alpes, “Subaltern in France: a decolonial approach to voice, violence and racism in marginalized social housing neighborhoods in Grenoble”. Her thesis rethinks the stigmatization of marginalized social-housing neighborhoods in France through a post and decolonial analytical framework. Its novelty lies in the application of postcolonial theories first to the French present instead of the colonial past, and second to geographical areas of a former colonial power, instead of to its former colonies. This decolonial approach helps to analyze the ways in which racial injustice continues to be reproduced.
Claske conceives her research as decolonial explorations, which are driven by an epistemological inquiry into more horizontal ways of being in research relationships; they are a methodological inquiry into developing research methods that create the conditions for researchers to speak with marginalized persons on a basis of equality and motivated by mutual interests. In the past her research has for example taken the form of creating spaces for debate with citizen collectives that formed in the aftermath of paroxysmal violence.
Prior to her PhD, Claske has worked for 20 years in the domain of conflict transformation for the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (South Africa), the Network University (The Netherlands), Modus Operandi (France) and the University of Grenoble. She has extensive teaching and training experience (University of Grenoble-Alpes, University of Savoie, University of Innsbruck, Université Catholique en Afrique Centrale, Université Pédagogique à Kinshasa, The Network University).
Geographies of peace in the wake of violence in the city (URPEACE - 2021-2013)
Studies have provided valuable insight into the dynamics of urban violence and terrorism but a lot still needs to be learned about urban peace-making. The EU-funded URPEACE project aims to contribute to the knowledge about the peace-building agency of civilian actors in marginalised social housing neighbourhoods that deal with the consequences of terrorist violence in European cities. The approach of this study is novel; it uses a 'geographies of peace' framework to interpret existing and new data on dealing with violence. This approach views peace as an everyday and relational process concerned with the building of ever-expanding networks that share life-affirming rather than life-destroying values. The project's results will help policy makers integrate urban peace-building initiatives of civilian actors into security policy.
Trained in curatorial studies, Marie-Laure Allain Bonilla holds a PhD in contemporary art history from the University of Rennes 2 (France). She specializes in the history of exhibitions—her PhD dissertation highlights a history of the uses of postcolonial theories by curatorial practices in contemporary art since the 1980s—and is particularly interested in contemporary African art practices and the way they are promoted, marketed, purchased, and displayed. Her primary research concerns museum acquisition policies in the global era and the possibilities to decolonize institutional practices through collaborations, both in the West and in former colonized areas.
Allain Bonilla has published on subjects such as the biennial phenomenon (particularly the Johannesburg biennale), on museum and curatorial studies, as well as on contemporary art practices challenging Western prerogatives, always using cultural studies, anthropology, and postcolonial and decolonial theories as a toolbox to write a non-Eurocentric art history. She is also a regular contributor to Critique d'Art. Apart from working on the publication of a book based on her PhD dissertation, she is currently coediting a book of collected papers for an international conference she co-organized in 2015 at the University of Rennes 2 on feminist, queer, and post/decolonial subjectivities in contemporary art.
Allain Bonilla has taught at University of Rennes 2, where she was involved in the Master in Curatorial Studies program, and in January 2016 she joined the University of Basel for her post-doctoral research. A member of Urban Studies, she is also affiliated with the Seminar of Social Anthropology, where she works with Prof. Dr. Till Förster. She is a member of the Global Art Prospective program at the Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art (INHA) in Paris.
Manuel Herz is an architect whose research focuses on the relationship between the discipline of planning and (state) power. He has worked extensively on the architecture and urbanism of refugee camps, with a regional focus on Saharan and sub-Saharan Africa. His book From Camp to City—Refugee Camps of the Western Sahara (Lars Müller Publishers, 2013) documents how camps can be spaces of social emancipation and are used to prefigure the institutions of a nation by a refugee population living in exile.
His award-winning book African Modernism—Architecture of Independence (Park Books, 2015) presents the architecture of countries such as Ghana, Senegal, Côte d’Ivoire, Kenya, and Zambia at the time of their independence in the 1960s and 1970s. The book’s main thesis is that this architecture is witness to, and provide evidence for, the complexities and contradictions of the decolonizing process that was specific to each country. The accompanying exhibition, shown at the Vitra Design Museum, is currently travelling to cities across Europe, the United States, and sub-Saharan Africa.
Herz’s architectural office is based in Basel. Among other recently completed projects, the office is responsible for the construction of the Jewish Community Center of Mainz, the mixed-use building “Legal / Illegal” in Cologne, and a museum extension (in collaboration with Eyal Weizman and Rafi Segal) in Ashdod, Israel. Current work include housing projects in Switzerland, Germany, and France. His projects have received several prizes, including the German Facade Prize 2011, the Cologne Architecture Prize 2003, the German Architecture Prize for Concrete in 2004, and a nomination for the Mies van der Rohe Prize for European Architecture in 2011.
Postdoctoral Fellow, History and Theory of Architecture and Urbanism
Ginger Nolan’s work is situated at the intersections of architecture, media theory, and race studies. Specifically, she examines how constructions of race have been formulated through spatial, aesthetic, and technological practices. Nolan is currently finishing a book manuscript, “Savage Mind to Savage Machine: Architecture, Technology, and the Making of Magical Thought”, to be published by the University of Minnesota Press. The project has received support from the DAAD, the Social Science Research Council, the Terra Foundation, and the Graham Foundation for Art and Architecture. She is also currently researching the architectural-infrastructural constitution of citizenship (and non-citizenship), examining how the expansion of cash-crop agriculture in the Americas and Africa required new architectures and infrastructures to link rural, colonized, enslaved, and landless peoples to systems of governance and commerce. Related to this project, she has a short book forthcoming in the University of Minnesota Press's Forerunners series, entitled "Semiotic Poverty in the World: From Villagization to Global Village".
Nolan holds a PhD in architectural history and theory from Columbia University and a master’s degree in architectural design from MIT. Her work has been published in Grey Room, Thresholds, AI (Architecture and Ideas), Avery Review, Architecture Theory Review,_ and Volume magazine.
Sophie Oldfield is internationally recognized as an urban and human geographer for research on cities in the Global South through her theoretical and primary research and as coeditor of the pathbreaking Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South (Routledge, 2014). She is a leader in her discipline, serving as president of the Society of South African Geographers from 2012 to 2014 and helping to establish and develop the Southern African City Studies Network from 2007 to the present.
Her research is grounded in empirical and epistemological questions central to urban theory. Focusing on housing, informality and governance, mobilization and social movement organizing, and urban politics, her work pays close attention to political practice and everyday urban geographies, analysing the ways in which citizens and organized movements craft agency to engage and contest the state. She has a track record of excellence in collaborative research practice, challenging how academics work in and between “university” and “community.”
Trained in the United States (PhD, University of Minnesota), Oldfield holds the University of Basel–University of Cape Town Professorship in Urban Studies, based at the African Centre for Cities at the University of Cape Town.
Remo Reginold is a semiotician and affiliated with the Centre of South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge. His research focuses on the articulation of geopolitics of knowledge and its implications in semiotics, aesthetics and economics. The study of urban and architectural theory with special emphasis on South Asia is another key topic of his research. Currently he is working on a manuscript theorising the shift from phenomenological perspectives to performative realities. In addition, he is preparing a research project examining Jaffna’s (Sri Lanka) architectural and urban landscape through the lens of human dwelling. It is an analysis of South Asian built and lived designs probing the condition possibilities of urban modernity.
Jana Magdalena Keuchel is a film director and artist based in Leipzig. She worked as a lecturer at Bauhaus-University Weimar, the Masterclass Werkleitz and the Film Institute in Liberia. 2018 she was part of Berlinale Talents. She worked inter alia as camerawoman for the web series „Kishasa Collection“, shot in DR Congo and China.
Both of her previous works have been released and awarded at International Film Festivals. With the documentary „Last Year in Utopia“ Jana Keuchel and Katharina Knust won the Basler Filmpreis 2018. The film premiered at CPH:DOX in the main competition and was screened, among others, at Sheffield Doc/Fest, Crossing Europe Festival and Max Ophüls Preis.
Katharina Knust is a filmmaker based in Basel. She holds a Master in Media Arts and works as production manager for film and cultural projects.
Both of her previous works have been released and awarded at International Film Festivals. With the documentary „Last Year in Utopia“ Jana Keuchel and Katharina Knust won the Basler Filmpreis 2018. The film premiered at CPH:DOX in the main competition and was screened, among others, at Sheffield Doc/Fest, Crossing Europe Festival and Max Ophüls Preis.
Ananya Roy is Professor of Urban Planning, Social Welfare, and Geography and The Meyer and Renee Luskin Chair in Inequality and Democracy at the University of California, Los Angeles. She is inaugural Director of the Institute on Inequality and Democracy at UCLA, which promotes research and scholarship concerned with displacement and dispossession.
Ananya’s research and scholarship has a determined focus on poverty and inequality and lies in four domains: how the urban poor in cities from Kolkata to Chicago face and fight eviction, foreclosure, and displacement; how global financialization, working in varied realms from microfinance to real-estate speculation, creates new markets in debt and risk; how the efforts to manage and govern the problem of poverty reveal the contradictions and limits of liberal democracy; how economic prosperity and aspiration in the global South is creating new potentialities for programs of human development and social welfare. Her books include City Requiem, Calcutta: Gender and the Politics of Poverty, Urban Informality: Transnational Perspectives from the Middle East, South, Asia, and Latin America, Worlding Cities: Asian Experiments and the Art of Being Global, Territories of Poverty: Rethinking North and South, and most recently, Encountering Poverty: Thinking and Acting in an Unequal World.
Ananya is the recipient of several awards including the Paul Davidoff book award, which recognizes scholarship that advances social justice, for Poverty Capital: Microfinance and the Making of Development (Routledge, 2010), and the Distinguished Teaching Award, the highest teaching recognition that the University of California, Berkeley bestows on its faculty.
Faranak Miraftab is Professor of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA. Her interdisciplinary research empirically based in Latin America, Southern Africa, Middle East and North America, draws on feminist, transnational and urban scholarship. Her research and teaching concerns the global and local development processes involved in the formation of cities and citizens' struggles to access dignified urban livelihood.
Xenia Vytuleva is an architecture historian, theorist and curator. Her scholarship is focused on new modes of preservation, governance by design and knowledge production, the intersection of architecture, art and politics. Before joining the team of Philosophy II at the ETH Zurich, Dr. Vytuleva was teaching at the Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation at Columbia University in New York. She also serves as an affiliated member of Centre of History of Knowledge ETH Zurich. Dr. Vytuleva has curated a number of exhibitions including: "Music on Bones" in "Recycle" at MAXXI Museum in Rome, Experimental Preservation at the 2014 Venice Biennale and a Diary of the Cold Universe by Walter Benjamin at Slought Foundation, Philadelphia. A recipient of various grants and awards, including from the Graham Foundation for the project "Secret Cities", Vytuleva is currently working on manuscripts “Secret Zones, Communicating Knowledge throw Invisible Terrain”, "Aesthetics of Uncertainty in Contemporary Artistic Practices" and a project entitled “North Trans-National”. Her work has been published among others in Perspecta (MIT Press), Future Anterior (The University of Minnesota Press), Avery Review (Columbia University Press) and Cabinet.
Bárbara Maçães Costa graduated in 2008 from the University of Porto Faculty of Architecture and in 2013 from the University of Lisbon Faculty of Fine Arts (Master in Drawing). She worked for architecture offices in Copenhagen and Porto and was project architect for the Belgian landscape architecture office Bureau Bas Smets. She was teaching assistant in figure and landscape drawing for undergrad courses of painting and sculpture at the University of Lisbon Faculty of Fine Arts and landscape architecture at the École de la Cambre in Brussels. She has been invited to lecture at Hogeschool Sint-Lukas, Erasmus Hoogeschool Jette, ENSAS Strasbourg, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, University of Liechtenstein, and the ETH Zurich. She is currently employed by the EPF Lausanne as a doctoral assistant to Prof. Harry Gugger’s Laboratory Basel, as well as lecturer of the Teaching Unit U – Cartography. Her fields of expertise include drawing, landscape theory and environmental aesthetics.
Dominique Malaquais (Ph.D. Columbia University, New York City) is a scholar and writer. Her work focuses on intersections between emergent urban cultures, global, late capitalist market forces and political and economic violence in African cities. She has taught extensively in the United States (Columbia and Princeton Universities, Vassar, Trinity and Sarah Lawrence Colleges) and is currently based in France, where she holds the position of Senior Researcher at CNRS - the National Science Research Centre, Paris.
Dominique is the author of two books and numerous scholarly articles, as well as essays, poems and short stories in English, French and Spanish. She is Associate Editor of Chimurenga magazine (South Africa) and sits on the editorial board of the journal Politique africaine (France). In 2003-2004, she was invited to lead a team of nine artists, scholars and activists in an eighteen-month multinational, trans-disciplinary reflection process around themes and approaches to be addressed by the Africa Centre. 2010 brings her to the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African-American Research, at Harvard University.
Prita Meier (PhD, Harvard University) is assistant professor of African art and architectural history at New York University. Her research focuses African port cities and histories of transcontinental exchange and conflict. She is the author of Swahili Port Cities: The Architecture of Elsewhere (Indiana University Press, 2016) and has publications in Art History, African Arts, Nka: Journal of Contemporary African Art, Artforum, and Arab Studies Journal, as well as contributions in several exhibition catalogs and edited books. Currently she is working on a new book about the social and aesthetic history of photography in Zanzibar and Mombasa and is co-organizing an exhibition and edited volume titled World on the Horizon: Swahili Arts Across the Indian Ocean (which received a 2016-17 NEH Humanities Projects grant). She has also held fellowships at the Clark Art Institute (2014-2015), Cornell University’s Society for the Humanities (2009-2010), Johns Hopkins University (2007-2009), and The Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts at the National Gallery of Art (2017-18).
Solange is a Master’s of Science graduate in Architecture from the Accademia di Architectura di Mendriso (AAM), Switzerland, with a Post-Master’s course in Building Information Modelling (BIM) at the Dublin Institute of Design, Ireland.
She dedicates her career to enhance the quality of life and increase sustainability through innovative spatial solutions in urban development in African cities, by incorporating intelligent technological solutions with positive social impact.
Her Masters’ Thesis (Recognizing the Potential Value of Sub-Saharan African Architectural Heritage) was nominated by the Legacy Heritage Foundation at the Lagos Nigeria Art Biennale 2017. Solange is currently a University Researcher and Assistant-Lecturer at the Critical Urbanism Department of African Studies under Prof. Arc. Manuel Herz the University Basel.
Solange has a multi-cultural background and has lived, studied, and worked in Switzerland, Nigeria, Thailand, Italy, Brazil, Cuba and Ireland. She is fluent in English, French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish.